Acta-Islamica <table border="0" width="886" bgcolor="FFECFF"> <tbody> <tr> <td rowspan="3" width="379"> <h3>Biannual Research Journal: Acta-Islamica</h3> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> en-US Tue, 25 Jul 2023 04:04:31 -0400 OJS 60 مولوی چراغ علی کی تفسیری آراء کا اختصاصی مطالعہ <p><em>The literal interpretation of the Qur‘ān is the interpretation that is made taking the dictionary into account while interpreting the Qur‘ān. Without a doubt, the dictionary is an essential source of Quranic exegesis. However, the entire interpretation cannot be based only on the dictionary. Acceptable and unacceptable both aspects are found in the lexical interpretations. The satisfactory element is to present Hadiths or signs to support the description. In contrast, the unacceptable pattern of the literal interpretation is the opposite. This article is aimed to evaluate the<strong> exegetical Views of</strong><strong> Moulvī Chirāgh ‘Alī</strong> from these two aspects, as he has used the dictionary repeatedly in his writings. The article details the methodology <strong>Moulvī Chirāgh ‘Alī</strong> adopted for the exegesis of the Qur‘ān. The paper mainly deals with the various words of the Qur‘ān and their lexical discussion, which begins with the pattern of interpretation and examples from the exegesis. The article concludes with a summary of the research and some valuable suggestions from the researchers. The series of literal interpretations started from the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). And it continued till the present. The research presented in the article is an endeavour to present a review of Urdu commentaries which were affected by this lexical methodology. </em></p> Muhammad Soban, Dr. Muhammad Atif Aslam Rao Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Wed, 20 Sep 2023 00:00:00 -0400 پاکستان کے مروجہ عدالتی نظام میں تاخیر انصاف کے اسباب : ایک تحقیقی اور تنقیدی جائزہ <p><em>Justice is an ultimate end of any law which fully reflects in speedy dispensing of the disputed. It is a common proverb, “delay defeat equity”, i.e. justice. Speedy justice is the basic norm of the Islamic judicial system that was highly observed in the Period of The Prophet (SAWS) and his followers. In the later period, when the judicial system failed to provide speedy justice, consequently public trust was lost and as a result other systems took over it and filled the gap.</em></p> <p><em>In this regard, this paper attempts to critically evaluate and analyze the subject matter cited above and tries to find out and highlight the causes of delay of justice and suggest the possible solutions to address and solve the issue. </em></p> Rafi Ullah, Dr. Muqaddas Ullah Copyright (c) 2023 Acta-Islamica Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 الرسائل الإخوانية و موضوعاتها في الأدب العربي (دراسة وصفية) <p><em>The Almoravids knew the Brotherhood’s dispatch with its various topics and its various purposes, such as congratulations, reproaches, complaints, and what is in the purposes of these correspondences. Personal letter writers write and write away from the court of the sultan and the caliphate. The writer of the personal message was a craftsman of unleashing his various repressions and emotions When the Brotherhood's message became a realistic interpretation of the writer's condition and his internal psychological affairs.</em></p> Dr. Nighat Tahira, Aabida Shaheen Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Wed, 06 Sep 2023 00:00:00 -0400 طوفان نوح کا بائبل اور قرآن کی روشنی میں تقابلی جائزہ <p><em>Noah's storm refers to the punishment that came upon Noah's people. When the people of Noah (علیہ السلام) disobeyed, Noah (علیہ السلام) made a bad supplication for his people, which resulted in the punishment of the flood. It started raining from the sky and water came out of the earth and the whole earth was filled with it. Noah (علیہ السلام) was ordered by Allah to make an ark. Those who believed in Noah (علیہ السلام) boarded the ark and Noah (علیہ السلام) put a pair of various animals in the ark and all the people outside the ark drowned in the water. The ark that Noah built was three hundred cubits long, fifty cubits wide and thirty cubits high. The objective of this study is to compare and contrast the details of the storm in the light of Quran and Bible. The study shows that according to the Qur'an, when Noah (علیہ السلام) started building the ark, the people made fun of him, while the Bible does not mention it. The oven is also mentioned in the Holy Quran, which has been interpreted differently by the commentators, while the oven is not mentioned in the Bible. According to the Qur'an, a son of Noah (علیہ السلام) was a disbeliever who did not board the ark and drowned in the water, while according to the Bible, the entire family of Noah (علیہ السلام) boarded the ark. According to the Qur'an, Noah (علیہ السلام) preached to his people for nine hundred and fifty years and after that punishment came upon them, while according to the Bible, Noah (علیہ السلام) was only six hundred years old at the time of the flood.</em></p> Dr. Atiq Ullah, Dr. Ilyas Ahmad, Mr. Muhammad Qasim Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 تحقيق المسائل في الفقه الإسلامي (المفهوم والضوابط) <p><em>This research deals with the realization of issues in Islamic jurisprudence, which is one of the important topics for the practitioner of Islamic jurisprudence, through which the jurist can reach the correct rulings for emerging issues, and this requires him not to rush to issue judgments, and that the investigation takes his right to a deep understanding of reality and the jurisprudence of the Sharia duty in it, and the research on this topic required me to divide it into three sections, the first section talks about sister Lappat jurisprudence, the second section deals with the meaning of achieving issues in Islamic jurisprudence, and the third section mentioned It contains the rules for the realization of issues in Islamic jurisprudence, and the fourth section lists two applications to the realization of issues in Islamic jurisprudence, the first on the issue of the revocation of ablution by touching women, and the second on the question of the legitimacy of demonstrations demanding rights and the lifting of injustice.</em></p> Dr. Ali Abdullah Hameed Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Tue, 05 Sep 2023 00:00:00 -0400 جاسوس اورجاسوسی سے متعلقہ احکام (قرآن وسنت کی روشنی میں) <p><em>Qur'an and Hadith have discussed about curiosity and spy from different angles,There are some types of curiosity, some of which are legitimate and some of which are illegitimate.Curiosity is actually a forbidden and prohibited act, but this is also a fact That the basic tasks of an Islamic state are to achieve and maintain security, world peace and to implement the goals of Islamic Shari'a.And all this is possible when there is a strong surveillance system and it is easy for the government to trace people who are suspected of espionage.When someone commits a crime and the criminal goes into hiding, it becomes the duty of the government to investigate the criminal, find out their whereabouts so that the crime can be eradicated. It is permissible for the state to spy against enemies. Rather, in the event of a war between Muslims and others, it is obligatory and necessary for the Imam of the Muslims to pay full attention to it.Some forms of curiosity are also forbidden, for example: spying on the defects and secrets of Muslims, Whether it is eavesdropping, or seeing it, it does not serve any legitimate purpose, nor is it intended to prevent an anticipated harmful effect. The most dangerous espionage is that which is done for the sake of harming the country and its servants, for the sake of betraying God Almighty and Muslims,In order to inform the enemies through it, and to divide and disperse the Muslim forces.This article provides guidance on these types, so its importance is clear.</em></p> Dr. Fazal Wadood, Dr. Khalil UR Rahman Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 حدیث" اطلبوا العلم ولو بالصین " کی اسنادی ومتنی حیثیت کا تحقیقی جائزہ <p><em>Hadith is the second permanent source of Islamic Shariah, from which Islamic laws are derived. The Hadith has two parts.&nbsp; One part is called “Sanad”, and the other part is called “ Matan”.&nbsp; These two parts of any Hadith must be verified. In this sense only those Ahadiths should be paid attention for research which are other than Sihaah e Sittah. And these Ahadith have either not been investigated thoroughly, or those have not been researched yet. It is not correct to narrate a hadith without this said research, otherwise it can be equivalent to tell a lie. At present, there are some Ahadiths whose “Sanad” and “Matan” are both&nbsp; daeef, but those are being presented as a part of religion without any&nbsp; hesitation. This article likewise explains the true nature of a Hadith that deals with the acquisition of knowledge, even if you have to go to China. It aslo discusses its origin and describes its form. It presents a full review of its “Sanad “and “Matan”.&nbsp; It also describes its unproven and proven parts of text separately.</em></p> Dr. Muhammad Yaqoob, Dr. Muhammad Shahid Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 Impact of Fear of Rejection and Mentalization on Selfie Posting Behaviour and Islamic Psychological Wellbeing <p><em>The study aimed to explore the impact of fear of rejection and mentalization on selfie posting behavior and psychological wellbeing. A total of 232 students were randomly selected from two universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. It was the correlational research design. Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire for Adults, Reflective Functioning Questionnaire, Selfitis Behavior Scale, and Ryff’s Psychological Wellbeing Scale were applied. The findings of the study showed that the fear of rejection is positively associated with selfie posting behavior (r=.072; p&lt;.05) whereas it is negatively associated with psychological wellbeing (r=-.042; p&lt;0.05). Furthermore, the results provide evidence of mentalization being positively related with psychological wellbeing (r=.062; p&lt;.05) and negatively related with selfie posting behavior (r=-.059; p&lt;.05). Regression analysis showed that 9% of variance in selfie posting behavior is due to rejection sensitivity and mentalization. Moreover, 8% of variance in psychological wellbeing is due to rejection sensitivity and mentalization. This research contributes towards literature by investigating the consequences of these variables on selfie posting behavior and psychological wellbeing of the individual.</em></p> Alam Khan, Nadia Younas, Farzeen Mubarak Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 -0400 یہودی سلاسلِ تصوف کی تحریرات اور اعمال کا علمی و تحقیقی جائزہ <p><em>The concept of "Mysticism" exists in almost all religions of the world, particularly in Islam and in Christianity and is based on their religious Scripts. Similarly, the concept of Mysticism in Judaism emerged from "Torah" and "The Book of Ezekiel". The most famous Mystical Orders in Judaism are known as "Kabbala" and "Hasidim". Rich mystical literature exists regarding these Orders of Jewish Mysticism. ''Sefer-ha-Zohar", "Sefer Yetzira" and "Sefer Hasidim" are the most significant books among the Jewish Mystical literature. Diverse Mystical practices are undertaken in Jewish Mysticism.These Mystical practices are considered as compulsory for entering into these Mystical Orders. The Jewish Mystical Orders (Kabbala and Hasidim), their mystical literature and practices are explored and analized in this Article.</em></p> Gauhar Ali, Prof. Dr. Mushtaq Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 قرآنی تناظر میں قدیم وجدید معاندین اسلام کی فکری مماثلت (حلاق کے افکارکاخصوصی مطالعہ) <p><em>From the creation of Hazrat Adam (peace be upon him) to the resurrection, truth and falsehood are in conflict with each other. Prophets (peace be upon them) continued to come for the exaltation of the truth for the sake of Almighty Allah, but they were opposed by the enemies of Islam.At the end, the last Prophet Hazart Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) came with the last message from Allah, for guidance of humanity which is the Holy Quran. There were confrontations against the believers even till the prophetic period. In the intellectual confrontation between right and wrong in the modern era, the anti-Islamic scholarly efforts of Orientalists are a continuation of this war.&nbsp; In this article, similarity in ideas and actions of the ancient and modern anti-Islamic thoughts of enemies of Islam has been mentioned in the Quranic context.</em></p> Abdul Basit, Dr. Muhammad Zakir Hashmi, Dr. Bashir Ahmad Malik Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Wed, 20 Sep 2023 00:00:00 -0400 فقہ اسلامی کی رو سے شکار کے قواعد وضوابط <p><em>Islam Provides permissible justification for a healthy social activities. Hunting is valid in Islam to seek food, health and happiness through sports in a professional way, with in certain limits. These limits are Mundane rituals and actions called ‘fara’ idh’. Hunting is one such sport and pastime that if not kept within balance, might prove counterproductive. Jurists have specified both approvals (ibaahat) (&amp; disapprovals (Karaahat) of procedures of Hunting. This Research Study elucidates the basic research Questions, as validity of hunting, procedures of Hunting, permissibility of Hunting as Hobby and Pastime. Since Hunting activity is attributable to Nusus Qata’ eeya, Jurists have concentrated on two main aspects of it. 1) Nusus about hunting; that entails certain Ahkaam and divine guidance. 2) The hunters must abide by subsidiary Rules and procedures laid down by Jurisprudents. This research encompasses all these relevant aspects.</em></p> Attaur Rahman, Prof. Dr. Mushtaq Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 An Analysis of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal’s government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (2002-2007) in the light of its Election Manifesto: A case study of Hisbah Institution <p><em>&nbsp;This research article aimed to investigate the impact of the MMA (Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal) on the Islamization of laws and institutions based on its 2002 election manifesto. Muslims' personal and social lives are centered around Quranic principles such as Dawah Iila al-Khayr (calling towards goodness) and Amar Bil Maroof Wa Nahi Anil Munkar (enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong). The MMA expressed concerns about the erosion of Islamic social norms and the influence of liberal values. It advocated for enabling Muslim residents to live in accordance with Shariah as outlined in the 1973 Constitution. As part of its Shariah implementation objectives, the MMA proposed the establishment of a modern Hisbah institution inspired by historical precedents. After assuming power in the province of KP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), the coalition government of religious political parties prioritized the Islamization of institutions. The "North West Frontier Province Shariah Act, 2003" was enacted, followed by the introduction of the Hisbah Bill, which aimed to create the Hisbah Institution led by a Mohtasib. However, the bill became controversial, and both the “Council of Islamic Ideology” and the Supreme Court of Pakistan deemed it ultra vires and ineligible to be enacted into the legal code.</em></p> Muhammad Nawaz Khan, Dr. Rasheed Ahmed Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Tue, 25 Jul 2023 00:00:00 -0400 COLONIAL ENCOUNTER AND ISLAMIZATION THROUGH LEGISLATURE IN THE NORTH WEST FRONTIER PROVINCE 1932-37 <p><em>This study focuses on the evolution and development of Islamic laws under the English legal system by investigating the various Shar­­i’a­­­­­­­­­h bills in the first legislative council in British NWFP (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa). It will analyze the British parliamentary system, their democratic standards and role of various stake holders in the pre-independent era from 1932 to 1937.&nbsp; This province was kept aloof from the constitutional reforms and it was administered through special laws under (Rewaj). Shari’ah laws and British implemented (Rewaj) had unpredictable features for the Muslims of frontier. Ulama role, British democratic way and other communities had key role in this regard that contributed in legislative council. The study finds that Shari’ah laws were the product of the interaction, cooperation and pluralistic approach of the various stake holders. It is very important to conduct a research on the challenge of colonial encounter on one side, and response of the British administration for Shari’ah laws on the other side. The legislative members were not from ulama’s class, the British were not to emphasize on Shari’ah laws. However, this alliance of ideologically inconsistent groups could not be predictable unless there is a mutual agreement. In this study, that mutual agreement and cooperation will be studied. The study will help in finding the historical roots of the process of socio-political discourse of Islamization of laws in the modern times and the parliamentary politics with special reference to ulama within the time frame work of the legislative council 1932-1937. The research will be conducted by using historical and analytical methods and the main sources will be consulted from the archival materials as legislative council debates and police abstracts of Intelligence of British N.WF.P.</em></p> Dr Muhammad Tariq Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Sun, 27 Aug 2023 00:00:00 -0400 A Research Review of Islamic Context Regarding the Dignity and Respect for Humanity <p><em>Mankind is a huge part of Islamic order and is laid out in the illustrations of the Blessed Quran and the sayings and exercises of the Sacred Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Islam stresses the respect and worth of each and every individual paying little heed to race, orientation, or social standing. The essential guideline of Islam, as addressed in numerous Islamic teachings, is regard for individuals. Muslims who follow Islam are instructed to regard and maintain the innate qualities and respect, everything being equal, as well as to treat others with affection, sympathy, and decency. This is the idiosyncrasy of Islam, which instructs that all people are equivalent before Allah (SWT), and that divisions in light of these qualities are insufficient. The topic of this research paper is, what does Islam say in regards to the admiration of humankind and how can it make sense of before society? This study can be instructive and helpful to new specialists and researchers. </em></p> Dr. Naseem Akhter, Dr Shumaila Rafiq, Ms.Irsa Aziz Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Wed, 16 Aug 2023 00:00:00 -0400 حدیث کے میدان میں مخصوص صوفیائے کرام کی علمی اور تصنیفی خدمات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p><em>Allah has created people in every age to protect every aspect of Islam who left no stone unturned in fulfilling their responsibility. Be it the field of Qur'anic interpretation, hadith and jurisprudence or Sufism, the scholars of every field have left no stone unturned in the promotion of religious sciences with their many services. There are also many scholars who worked in more than one field from academic and literary aspects. But due to the tendency of some of them towards a particular field, they became known by the name of that field, like Imam Malik, Ahmad bin Hanbal etc. Therefore, it cannot be said that they do not have any expertise in other fields or that their opinion does not have any status due to being more than one. As some people have understood, like Sufis، that his field is Sufism only and his opinion in the field of Sufism is argument and proof. Now if they quote or narrate a hadith and that hadith is not in the reliable and famous books of hadith, they reject it. However, this should not be the case all the time. </em></p> <p><em>To eliminate such doubts and objections, this paper will comment on the conditions and scholarly services of some Sufis who have performed scholarly and authorial services in the field of Sufism along with Hadith Sciences</em></p> Dr. Navid Iqbal , Mr. Muhammad Yousuf Copyright (c) 2023 ACTA ISLAMICA Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400